INDUSTRIAL WALKING FOOT SEWING MACHINE
This is the first and most important tool you will need to start learning upholstery. When you are shopping for your first machine, you need to make sure it is a WALKING FOOT MACHINE. The walking foot feature is what allows an upholster to sew multiple layers of fabric and foam together with ease. The non-walking foot machines are meant for light weight applications and will not work for the types of projects we are doing. For more info check out this Lucky Needle Video:
Industrial sewing machines come with two motor options; clutch type and servo type. The most common is the clutch type motor. Clutch type motors work by using a clutch that engages the motor to the machine when the pedal is pressed. While they are considered to be the more powerful of the two options, the sewing speed can be difficult to control because the clutch motor spins full speed all the time. If your machine has a clutch type motor, I would suggest getting the smallest pulley available to reduce the speed and make it easier to control. I use a clutch type motor in The Lucky Needle Course Videos, as it is the most common and most likely what you will be starting with.